Excerpt: Do you know the various parts of your air conditioner? This article offers
a brief look at your air conditioning system to introduce you to its many
Air conditioning is an amazing modern convenience that keeps your home
cool during the warm summer months. Together with your HVAC company, maintaining
your air conditioning will ensure your home remains comfortable, regardless
of the temperature outside. Knowing the parts of your home’s central
air conditioner can help you better maintain this important appliance,
as well as alert you to problems that may require professional A/C repair.
Keep reading to explore the basic components of your air conditioning
to learn how they work together to produce cooled air for your home.
The cooling cycle begins with your air conditioner’s evaporator coils.
These coils are housed inside your home, typically located adjacent to
your furnace. This is because central air conditioners share an air handler,
or fan system, with the furnace. When air passes over the evaporator coils,
heat is drawn out of the air and into the refrigerant in the coils. This
cools the air inside your home, which is then distributed via ducts to
your living spaces. Over time, the evaporator coils can gather dust, which
affects their ability to function. You can clean your evaporator coils
yourself, or have your HVAC technician check and clean them during his
biannual maintenance visits.
Once your air conditioner’s refrigerant is heated inside, it travels
to the outdoor component of your A/C system, which contains the compressor
and the condenser. First, the compressor turns the refrigerant into a
high-pressure gas. Inside the condenser, the refrigerant then radiates
heat away into the outside air with the help of metal fins, which form
the visible part of your condenser’s housing. Once the refrigerant
is cooled, it will travel back inside so the cooling cycle can begin again.
Keep the area around your condenser clear of debris and trim landscaping
back to prevent falling leaves or branches from damaging your air conditioning.
Drain and Drip Tray
During the cooling process, your air conditioner produces moisture as a
byproduct. This moisture is funneled out of your home via a drain that
runs from the evaporator to a port outside your home, often located near
the condenser. Beneath the evaporator, a drip tray is typically used to
catch any excess moisture and prevent drips from damaging your HVAC system
and the surrounding area. You should check your drain and drip tray regularly
to ensure they are clean and that the drain is free of clogs, which can
cause water to back up into your evaporator and halt its cooling functions.
Your thermostat is an oft-overlooked component of both your cooling and
heating system. The temperature setting on your thermostat guides your
air conditioner, telling it when more or less cooling is needed. If you’re
having trouble with your air conditioning, the first place to check is often
your thermostat. A dirty or poorly-maintained thermostat can reduce the cooling efficiency
of your air conditioning, causing you to pay more for a less comfortable
home. If your home still uses a mercury-based analog thermostat, consider
upgrading to a digital programmable system for even greater convenience
Whether you need air conditioning maintenance, repair, or replacement in
Detroit, our experienced team of HVAC technicians is here to help. Click
website to find out more about our full range of heating and cooling services,
as well as check out our convenient and cost-effective home maintenance
plans. You can also look through our
blog for additional home heating and cooling information and the latest industry
news on home HVAC systems.